What are the modes of international express logistics?


Now there are more and more foreign trade sellers. Whenever you start business and have orders, the first problem to consider is how to choose express logistics to send the goods abroad. Generally speaking, as long as small sellers can deliver goods through the platform, they can choose international small bags and other channels. But now big sellers or sellers of independent platforms need to optimize logistics costs, consider customer experience, integrate logistics resources and explore new forms of logistics.

Different logistics modes, timeliness and freight are also different, and different logistics providers have different service quality. The following is a brief introduction to several international logistics modes by Xiaobian of Suzhou international express company.

01. Domestic express mode

Domestic express mainly refers to EMS, SF and "four connections and one arrival". In terms of cross-border logistics, in the "four links and one reach", Shentong Yuantong has an earlier layout, but it has only made great efforts to expand recently. For example, Shentong in the United States was launched in March 2014, Yuantong also cooperated with CJ Korea express in April 2014, while Zhongtong, Huitong and Yunda have just begun to start cross-border logistics business. SF's international business should be more mature. At present, it has opened express services to the United States, Australia, South Korea, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and other countries. Express mails sent to Asian countries can generally be delivered in 2-3 days. In domestic express, EMS's international business is the most perfect. Relying on the postal channel, EMS can reach more than 60 countries all over the world. The cost is lower than that of the four express giants. China has strong customs clearance ability. It takes about 2-3 days to reach Asian countries and 5-7 days to Europe and America.

02. International express mode

Refers to the four major commercial express giants, namely DHL, TNT, FedEx and UPS. Through their own global network, these international express carriers use powerful IT systems and localization services all over the world to bring excellent logistics experience to overseas users of online shopping Chinese products. For example, a package sent to the United States through ups can arrive within 48 hours at the fastest. However, high-quality service is accompanied by high prices. Generally, Chinese merchants only use international commercial express to deliver goods when customers have strong timeliness requirements.

The following is a comparison of the four Giants:

Comparison of four international express giants

03, postal parcel mode

The postal network basically covers the whole world and is wider than any other logistics channel. This is mainly due to the Universal Postal Union and the Kahala postal Organization (KPG).

The Universal Postal Union is a specialized agency on international postal affairs under the United Nations. It has adopted some conventions and regulations to improve international postal services and develop international cooperation in postal services. Due to the large number of members and the uneven development of the postal system among Member States, it is difficult for the Universal Postal Union to promote in-depth postal cooperation among Member States. Therefore, in 2002, the postal departments of six countries and regions with relatively developed postal systems (China, the United States, Japan, Australia, South Korea and Hong Kong) held a postal CEO Summit in the United States and established the Kahala postal organization. Later, Spain and the United Kingdom joined the organization.

The Kahala organization requires that the delivery time limit of all Member States should meet the quality standard of 98%. If the goods cannot be delivered to the recipient on the specified date, the operator responsible for delivery shall compensate the customer at 100% of the price of the goods. These strict requirements have prompted Member States to deepen cooperation and strive to improve service levels.

From the perspective of China's cross-border export e-commerce, the postal model has produced two models: China Post and foreign post.

China Post, the full name of China Post Group Corporation, is a wholly state-owned company under the central management, which is now performed by the Ministry of finance of the people's Republic of China on behalf of the State Council. It is responsible for the postal business in mainland China, implements the management system of "separation of government and enterprises" and accepts the business supervision of the State Postal Administration.

For international parcel service, China Post timely launched e-mail treasure and other services matching cross-border e-commerce on the basis of the original surface mail and registered parcel service, which can be said to be full of firepower and take the lead. According to network information, 70% of China's cross-border e-commerce packages are transported by postal mode, of which China Post accounts for 50%.

As for foreign mail, freight forwarders integrate resources such as air transportation and foreign postal services, and create an original postal transportation mode matching cross-border export e-commerce, which also has a certain influence. At the same time, due to the special existence of "Hong Kong", the development of many foreign mail models also occupy a dominant position. More influential foreign postal services in the market include hongkong post, Singapore Post, DHL ecommerce, Netherlands post, Belgium post, etc. However, most of the foreign mail modes are not directly connected with their postal companies, but operate through intermediate freight forwarders.

For cross-border e-commerce sellers, they should first choose the appropriate logistics mode according to the characteristics of the products sold (size, safety, customs clearance convenience, etc.). For example, large products (such as furniture) are not suitable for the postal parcel channel, but more suitable for the overseas warehouse mode; Secondly, different logistics methods should be used flexibly in the off-season and peak season. For example, in the off-season, China Post small bags should be used to reduce logistics costs, and Hongkong Post, Singapore Post or even Belgium post should be used to ensure timeliness in the peak season or during large-scale promotional activities; Finally, before sales, we should clearly list the characteristics of different logistics modes to buyers, provide buyers with diversified logistics choices, and let buyers choose logistics modes according to their actual needs.

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